Gikas glossary of painting

House Painters Glossary of Painting Terms

Read below house Gikas Painters glossary for an explanation of terms used in painting in New Jersey.

  • Alkyd paint: Paint for indoor or outdoor use consisting of a mixture of alkyd resin and oil. It is used more today than oil paint because it dries faster and does not contain lead.
  • Mixing: Downloading tons of glaze prints from a tool such as a sponge, brush or cloth to achieve a smoother result, or combining different shades of glaze on a surface. It is done by passing the surface with a gentle movement.
  • Dilution: Dilute clean paint or polish with a thinner, such as water or turpentine to give it a more treatable consistency.
  • Primer: Sealing material applied under the base to protect the bare surface, make it non-porous and prevent the passage of moisture and dirt on the wall.
  • Removal Techniques: Two-step techniques, where the glaze is first applied to the surface with a brush or roller and then removed or moved with tools such as swabs, sponges, fabrics and more.
  • Base: Opaque layers of paint that dry and become a durable finish. In the decorative painting the glaze is applied on the base.
  • Varnish: Finish transparent coating, used to protect painted finishes. The varnish will determine the gloss of the finish. It comes in matte to very glossy. Choose the gloss that matches your finish.
  • Alcohol Primer: Today forgotten alcohol primer that dries quickly. Depending on the type you use, when drying it will have a transparent amber or white color.
  • Sample board: A surface on which the techniques are tested, the colors are experimented with and the final results are previewed.
  • Discreet fading: An effect characterized by the gradual progression of a glaze color from dark to light and vice versa, or from one color to another. The fading is particularly impressive with the stencil.
  • Solvents: Solvents or diluents that dissolve the paint in a workable consistency, i.e turpentine for oil paints and water for water-soluble paints.
  • Working dry: Apply a thin layer of glaze, or apply a little paint, enough to cover the surface.
  • Working liquids: Apply a lot of glaze, often in different colors, on top of each other before the previous one dries, so that colors are mixed on the surface itself as you work.
  • Impressive colors: They reproduce natural materials in colors that do not exist in nature.
  • Applying: Lightly and repeatedly touching the surface with a quick-moving paint tool, creating smooth, even marks.
  • Fabric strain: The use of materials such as gauze or cotton swabs to apply or remove glaze. The most common method of straining the surface is with a material made by a bunch in your hand, as in the gauze and rag technique. The material can also be used wrapped in a tube or in long strips.
  • Cuts: The application of paint to grooves joints and corners. They are made with small brushes because the uniform painting with a roller is impossible.
  • Ripple: A technique of finishing, imitating a corrugated fabric such as silk and rayon. An excellent example is the Chinese water silk.
  • Sanding: The disappearance of marks from the brush or softening of painted lines on a surface that is still fresh from the paint or glaze. Move with a gentle motion on the surface a long brush with soft bristles suitable for the type of paint and the size of your work.
  • Whipping: A decorative painting technique in which one handles the glaze by hitting the surface with a brush with long bristles. A special whipping brush with 5 inches long bristles is ideal for performing this technique but also expensive. Instead of the above you can use a household paint brush with the longest bristles you can find.
  • Marble water: A decorative painting technique that allows you to capture the appearance of marble.
  • Decoupage: The traditional technique of gluing cut pieces of paper or other material to a surface and then covering the latter with several coats of varnish.
  • Global Shades: Highly concentrated liquid pigment for painting oil paints or water-soluble paints, used by professional oil painters and decorators. The shades do not contain dryer and therefore should never exceed 10% of the volume of your paint, otherwise the paint will not dry.
  • Palette: The total of colors you choose for your decorative finish or for the design of the space.
  • Copper Patina: Pleasant and popular greenish blue-gray finishing material that grows on copper, bronze and brass. Gives objects the look of natural aging.
  • Splashing: Creating a nice colored finish on a base by shaking the paint from the bristles of a brush.
  • Addition Techniques: Techniques that give glaze prints on the base using various tools, such as sponges, swabs and brushes. Among these techniques are sweeping and passing with sails.
  • Cross design: Method of applying base and glaze gently and evenly on a surface. You should always use it when applying glaze with a brush to reduce marks from the latter. Start by painting or passing the glaze from top to bottom. Then, without getting extra paint or glaze, go over it sideways and finally lightly from top to bottom until the brush marks are removed.
  • Dry brushing: Working with a brush that has almost no paint. The brush can take paint from one part of the glaze surface and apply it to the other, as in the rusty metal technique.
  • Dryer: A chemical that is present in pre-mixed paints or oil paints and speeds up the drying time.
  • Putty: A finishing material consisting of white cement, lime and water for interiors and fine mortar for interiors. Used to fill holes, cracks and notches.
  • Composition: How the light and dark spots of your painted finish are formed on a surface. You certainly do not want a huge, dark spot in a corner of your surface that will distract the eye from the overall.
  • Dragging: A technique best applied with two people (especially in large spaces), in which one passes glaze with a brush or roller and the other removes some of the glaze by scanning it with a metal water comb, with a piece of cardboard with a winged tip with a dry brush or other tool.
  • Dotted design (Punctuation): The application of paint on a surface with a very light sharp application of smearing. It is also called punctuation and a painting technique that creates a special finish through a light passage of a special triangular brush.
  • Mural: The ancient art of painting on fresh, still wet plaster of lime using paints mixed with water. Produces soft, subtle colors and a deep finish.
  • Natural flow: It is called the direction of a finish to the overall natural line and pattern of the material, i.e the way water flows through the marble, the way water would flow over a piece of metal and how the color fades in a natural way.
  • Latex paint: Water soluble indoor and outdoor paint, similar to acrylic. It dries quickly, smells minimal and is available in finishes from uniform to glossy.
  • Hairstyle: Finishing with a serrated tool (such as a wood water comb or paper with teeth made in it), which in liquid glaze produces results such as corrugated finishes and natural wood water.
  • Crackle Glazing: A way to give a painted surface the fine cracks that time brings.
  • Glaze: Oil paint or water soluble paint that is transparent because it contains much more polish or water (depending on the type of paint) than pigment.
  • Sponging: The application or removal of glaze by passing a sponge over a surface. One of the most successful and popular techniques, which is also used in marble, stucco and other waters.

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